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  Submit FeedbackFeedback (RCT)0.18[0.04-0.79]hosp./ER2/7311/73RRCITreatmentControlTau​2 = 0.00; I​2 = 0.0%Early treatment0.18[0.04-0.79]2/7311/7382% improvementYu (RCT)0.83[0.61-1.12]hosp./death59/692100/968RRCITreatmentControlTau​2 = 0.00; I​2 = 0.0%Late treatment0.83[0.61-1.12]59/692100/96817% improvementAll studies0.46[0.11-1.96]61/765111/1,04154% improvement2 budesonide COVID-19 5/16/21Tau​2 = 0.85; I​2 = 74.3%; Z = 1.05 (p = 0.15)Lower RiskIncreased Risk
In Vitro Konduri et al., bioRxiv, doi:10.1101/2021.05.05.442779 (Preprint) (In Vitro) in vitro ProLung™-budesonide Inhibits SARS-CoV-2 Replication and Reduces Lung Inflammation
In Vitro study and animal study showing that ProLung™-budesonide inhibits SARS-CoV-2 replication (results for budesonide were not provided). ProLung™-budesonide and budesonide significantly decreased lung inflammation. ProLung™-budesonide..
Late Yu et al., medRxiv, doi:10.1101/2021.04.10.21254672 (Preprint) hosp./death, ↓17.5%, p=0.24 Inhaled budesonide for COVID-19 in people at higher risk of adverse outcomes in the community: interim analyses from the PRINCIPLE trial
Interim results from the PRINCIPLE trial, 751 treated with budesonide starting a median of 6 days after symptom onset, showing lower hospitalization/death, and faster recovery with treatment.
Early Ramakrishnan et al., Lancet Respiratory Medicine, doi:10.1016/S2213-2600(21)00160-0 (preprint 2/8) (Peer Reviewed) hosp./ER, ↓81.8%, p=0.02 Inhaled budesonide in the treatment of early COVID-19 (STOIC): a phase 2, open-label, randomised controlled trial
RCT with 73 budesonide patients and 73 control patients, showing significantly lower combined risk of an ER visit or hospitalization, and lower risk of no recovery at day 14.
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